133 E Mayne Street Blue Grass, IA 52726 | email: [email protected] | call: (563) 381-4830
Periodontal disease involves inflammation and infection that destroys the tissues that support the teeth, including the gums, the periodontal ligaments, and the tooth sockets (alveolar bone). Gingivitis is a commonly heard term when discussing different forms of periodontal disease. Gingivitis is caused by the long-term effects of plaque deposits. Plaque is a sticky material made of bacteria, mucus, and food debris that develops on the exposed parts of the teeth. It is a major cause of tooth decay. If you do not remove plaque, it turns into a hard deposit called tartar that becomes trapped at the base of the tooth. Plaque and tartar can irritate and inflame the gums. Bacteria, and the toxins they produce, cause the gums to become infected, swollen, and tender. Injury to the gums, from any cause including overly vigorous brushing or flossing of the teeth, can cause gingivitis. The goal of a periodontal treatment is to reduce inflammation. The teeth are cleaned thoroughly by the Dr. Bayne or one of our dental hygienists. This may involve various instruments or devices to loosen and remove deposits from the teeth.
Careful oral hygiene is necessary after a periodontal cleaning. Dr.
Bayne or the hygienist will show you how to brush and floss. A
periodontal cleaning, in addition to brushing and flossing, may be
recommended twice per year or more frequently for severe cases.
Antibacterial mouth rinses or other aids may also be recommended.
The removal of plaque from inflamed gums may be uncomfortable.
Bleeding and tenderness of the gums should lessen within 1 or 2 weeks after a periodontal cleaning and careful oral hygiene. Warm salt water or antibacterial rinses can reduce the puffiness. Healthy gums are pink and firm in appearance. Strict oral hygiene must be maintained for your whole life or gingivitis will recur.
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Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
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